Overview Of Scrap Metal Collection And Recycling Process

Overview Of Scrap Metal Collection And Recycling Process

Do you know that a lot of people are discarding items made of metals because they simply consider them as pieces of junk? Indeed, these may be unwanted or useless to you because they’re old and some parts are even rusting. You may throw them away but don’t forget that this rubbish still has value since they’re recyclable.

This means that you can get some bucks from these, so if there’s a ton in your backyard, then sell them. Other people don’t mind taking cash from the collectors when it’s only for a small amount. However, those in the commercial sector would gladly exchange this for whatever it’s worth because they mean business.

Therefore, if you’re a homeowner or entrepreneur in the industrial industry, then you should know how to deal with your scrap metal collection and disposal. Let’s not just keep on storing them in our storerooms or yards when we don’t have plans of using them. Instead, dispose of them properly through the experts for these materials to be recycled.

Safety Collecting Tips

Since we’re already aware that scrap metals are recyclable, then we should collect them safely. Do you know that some entrepreneurs are even earning through this junk? They will buy your rubbish, recycle them, and sell these as new products.

Why should you be careful when it comes to gathering these objects? I suggest you wear proper attire and don’t expose too much of your skin. We have to prevent accidents, thus, safety protocol must be observed.

Use gloves because there could be pointed and jagged portions which could put you at risk. We have goggles because of rust that may hurt our eyes. Let’s wear masks as well so that we can’t inhale dust or debris from this old stuff.


If you’re simply selling to remove waste at home, then you won’t usually care how much it would cost. Let’s say that your only goal is to get rid of them because you wanted to clean the space. But in a business setting, you’d surely mind about the type of metal to scrap and its grade.

Collectors would know which is more valuable so they’d appreciate these types. It’s quite tedious but you’re required to understand the composition, thus, expertise is a must. Many of them use magnets by sticking this to the item and that’s how it’s graded.

Non-ferrous scraps, such as brass, copper, aluminum, nickel, etc. aren’t magnetic, though they may cost more due to higher demand. While the ferrous ones, containing iron or steel would be cheaper even if their quality won’t degrade – click https://www.liveabout.com/ferrous-and-non-ferrous-scrap-metal-2877924 to continue reading.

Overview Of Scrap Metal Collection And Recycling Process

Where can you obtain scrap metals?

You can find them in every community so initiate searching at your neighbor’s house. They’ll surely have old electrical appliances that they’d been wanting to get rid of. Some of them may be keeping used or broken car engine parts and other tools as well.

If you’re into this type of business, then you should visit junk or car repair shops and various manufacturer warehouses. Many of them are stacking metal scraps and waiting for scrappers to collect them. When they gathered a bigger load, they’ll surely get more cash from this.

These are discarded items anyway, that’s why gathering them is easy. A lot of residents aren’t even aware that there’s money in those rubbish materials but they just throw these away. However, if you find them in private spots, make sure to ask for permission.

How are scrap metals recycled?

After searching for junk, you should have gathered them already. Most facilities will be using machines when recycling them. Once the process is complete, a new product will be ready.

To do this, you have a few stages to undergo. So make sure that you’re equipped with PPE for your safety and protection.

Collecting and Sorting

We’re already aware of where to obtain the materials. When they’re all in the garage, you should sort them according to the type of grade and cleanliness. This step is done to guarantee the quality of their finished product.

The experts will separate the metal for further segregation. Plastic will be removed because they’re not necessary for your collection. Magnets will be used to determine ferrous and non-ferrous scraps.

They are sorted again by checking the pigment, such as silver for aluminum and copper when yellowish-red in color. The last sorting method applied is to identify purity by using sensors or scanners – read this page to learn more.


The sorted items will be prepared and processed. Therefore, they must be compacted and pressed thoroughly to have space for more metals. After compression, they have to cut this bulk into pieces using hydraulic machines.

These will again be shredded so the experts have hammer mills to operate. Through this phase, melting would be faster since they come in tiny pieces. This only shows that this stage requires machinery to minimize time consumption.


Recycling facilities should use the necessary furnace for the melting process. It has to be large enough to accommodate the processed pieces of scrap. Expect that there’s a high temperature in your working area.

By the way, several furnaces will be used, so there’ll be one for every type of metal they’ll be melting. These also require diverse levels of temperature because they vary in properties. The time it will take to complete this procedure will depend on your heating system’s capacity. 

Purification and Solidifying

Purifying is essential to be free from contaminants, thus ensuring quality. Electrolysis is performed in this stage. Let’s say that they pass through heavy-duty magnets to refine them.

For our final stage, the experts will be adding chemicals to meet each property’s requirements. This time, a conveyor belt will be used for the completion. This will lead to the cooling chamber where they’ll be solidified.

Depending on the demands of the manufacturers who ordered these products, outputs could be in sheets or blocks. When the order is ready, it will then be transported to various manufacturing services.

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